The Complete Buying Guide for Water Filtration Systems

Everyone needs to drink plenty of clean and safe water every day and we need more water for household chores and use. Is Regular Tap Water Safe? The domestic water is supplied from a private well or a municipal water system with varying degrees of security. Municipal water goes through many treatments to ensure safety, but it can become contaminated along the plumbing system to any home. Private well water should be tested for contamination frequently. It is recommended that you use a water filtration system to ensure safe water.

How safe is your water

The only way to know if a home’s tap water is safe is to have it tested. Water can be contaminated with chemicals such as pesticides, physical contaminants such as sediments or particles, biological contaminants such as bacteria, viruses, or parasites, or radiological contaminants such as uranium or plutonium. Other contaminants can be inorganic chemicals like arsenic, lead, mercury, iron, calcium, potassium, and others.

Some impurities always appear and many are harmless. However, other contaminants are harmful when consumed in concentrated amounts. Contaminants may not be harmful in small amounts, but if they are in the water and ingested over a long period of time, they can have adverse health effects. Other impurities can have harmful effects in a short time. This includes bacteria and viruses as well as other biological contaminants.

Be sure to install a water filtration system

Many experts suggest installing some sort of water filtration system to ensure that drinking water is safe at home. Many homeowners install water filtration systems for the whole house to get better quality water for the kitchen, showering and washing clothes or dishes, and better drinking water. When the homeowner is browsing water filtration systems to find one that seems right for their home, check out all of the available types.

Local suppliers of water filtration systems can supply the types that are best suited considering the water issues in areas such as Minnesota and Wisconsin. You probably won’t have all types of filtration systems available, but you will have the ones that work best in their service area.

10 types of water filtration systems

Homeowners unsure of how safe the water is can only drink bottled water. This is a bad choice as the plastic bottle causes more pollution. Relying on bottled water is an expensive proposition. In many cases, it has been shown that bottled water is not much purer than tap water. Many bottled water companies make false claims about their water.

The homeowner’s best option for clean water and cost efficiency is to install a water filtration system. The 10 most common types of water filtration systems have good and bad points to consider.

1. Sediment filtration can be used alone or as a pre-filter in conjunction with other water filtration systems. It consists of pleated polyester or melt-blown polypropylene with pores of different sizes (micrometers) to filter out sediments such as sand, rust, dust, silt or heavy metals. This is a worldwide common filter system.

2. Activated carbon block filtration is a tubular shape that contains fine carbon powder that remains static and is held together by some kind of binder. It is good at removing chlorine smell and taste, chemicals, and contaminants from water. This affordable water filter has good dirt filtration ability and allows for nice water flow. It inhibits bacterial growth, does not require a power supply and contains no chemical additives.

3. Granular activated carbon filtration systems have loose charcoal granules that are larger than carbon block powder systems. They are weaker at absorbing impurities but have a higher rate of water filtration. Due to its higher water flow rate, it is suitable for high flow systems, as a pre-filtration part of whole house systems, for industrial filtration systems or as a step of a multi-stage filter system.

4th Reverse osmosis filtration systems use a semi-permeable membrane to separate inorganic contaminants from water. They produce the cleanest drinking water. This system of intensive filtration has a higher cost and a slower filtration rate. It removes most of the contaminants, but is prone to chlorine, so this system has one or more carbon pre-filters to remove chlorine. A large amount of brine or sewage is produced, and this system requires a water tank to store filtered water.

5. Distillation is a filtration system that evaporates and condenses water, leaving behind impurities and essential minerals. This system takes a long time to produce a limited amount of clean, distilled water. This system is mainly used for industrial processes. It requires more maintenance, is expensive, and uses electricity.

6th Ion exchange takes place in two forms, the action exchange process for positively charged ions and the anion exchange process with negatively charged ions. Water flows through an IX container that contains a unique resin, causing a chemical reaction that removes contaminants and replaces them with an electrical charge in the ion exchange resin. This water treatment system uses the two ion exchange reactions to soften water, absorb acids, remove metals, and do other deionization tasks.

7th Ultraviolet or UV disinfection systems can be used to kill microorganisms such as viruses, cysts, coliforms, infectious diseases, typhoid, hepatitis, bacteria and more dangerous contaminants in water drawn from private wells, lakes, rainwater and rivers. The UV rays in the UV lamp damage or destroy over 99% of diseases and cause microbiological contamination in the water. This system is not a water filter and should be used with a water filtration system for additional protection.

8th. Ultrafiltration uses hydrostatic pressure to let the water flow through a special semi-permeable UF membrane. Most of the impurities in the water are filtered out and important minerals are retained. In drinking water treatment systems, it is combined with additional filtration technologies to achieve a higher level of treatment. This ultrafiltration system is also used in industrial applications and in wastewater recycling.

9. Activated alumina filtration includes a water filter made of highly absorbent porous alumina that can remove fluoride, selenium, arsenic and thallium in the treated water. Some initialization processes must take place first. When tap water is forced through this filter medium, fluorides are adsorbed on the surface. It must be used in conjunction with other water filters to provide safe drinking water.

10. Ionization uses a water ionizer to alter the water molecule structure and create two things: antioxidant-rich alkaline ionized water for drinking, and oxidizing acidic ionized water for cleaning or disinfecting. This system requires electrical power and cannot remove all of the solids, organic contaminants, or pharmaceuticals dissolved in the water. This is an expensive system.

House cleaning and filtration systems, like entire house systems, can be installed at the entry point or at the point of use, e.g. B. for bathrooms, taps, washing machines or kitchens. The best house water filtration system is designed to remove the problematic water pollution in the house water system, has removable water filters, and suits the homeowner’s preferences and water situation. Water must be tested before a water system can be selected.